Gestalt Principles #6 – Tadao Ando

by Syd

Figure/Ground – the fundamental principle of perception that allows us to read imagery

Nariwa Museum, Japan
structure of walls and negative space create interesting figure/ground relationships


Similarity – the degree of sameness to each other

4×4 House, Japan
two nearly identical buildings are placed next to one another


Continuance – grouping that results in a continuation of direction

Fort Worth Museum, USA
reflection pool allows architectural structure to continue into the water


Proximity – the degree of distance between sensations

The Oval, Japan
doors are placed at different distances away from each other, creating a visual rhythm around the pool


Closure – grouping into recognizable forms or shapes

Church of the Light, Japan
negative space between walls create a cross that becomes illuminated with natural light